Kidneys are the most important bodily organs since they filtrate the waste material through the urine and detoxify the blood. In addition, they remove the excess amount of water from the body and regulate the levels of phosphate, calcium, and other essential minerals in the body. Moreover, they produce the hormones essential of proper functioning of the body, regulate the blood pressure, and transport oxygen to the blood cells. That’s why we need to keep them in a perfect condition. If the kidneys are not functioning properly, they will show the following symptoms: vomiting, dizziness, change or the quantity and color of the urine, breathing problems, anemia, tiredness, bad breath, itchy skin, and fatigue. In case you spot some of these symptoms, consult your doctor immediately. The kidney problems might be caused by many reasons and factors, including the 10 most common ones that can damage the kidneys:
Postponing the need to urinate
Not emptying the bladder on time and allowing the urine to stay in it for a longer period of time, stimulates the multiplying of the bacteria in the urine. The bacteria then lead to infection in the kidneys or on the urinary tract. The urine retention causes urinary incontinence and renal failure since it increases the kidney pressure.
Insufficient water consumption
Not drinking water can damage the kidneys in a way that the blood may become concentrated, and there won’t be enough blood flow to the kidneys. That will prevent the kidneys to get rid of all bodily toxins, leading to even more health problems. You need to drink 10 to 12 glasses of water on a daily basis in order to keep your body hydrated.
High intake of salt
If you eat too much salty food, it can damage your kidneys, since almost 95% of the sodium which is taken through the food is metabolized by the kidneys. Kidneys cannot remove the excess salt if you eat too much salty food. This will lead to water retention which might increase the blood pressure.
Regular use of analgesics
In order to lower inflammation or pain, numerous people take analgesics. However, they can damage the kidneys and decrease the blood flow to them. The use of them on the long term might provoke interstitial nephritis or kidney injury. People having reduced kidney function need to consult their doctors before taking analgesics.
High protein diet
The high consumption of the food that is protein-rich might increase the risk of kidney problems. The excessive protein-intake increases the glomerular pressure and hyper filtration, because rise of the metabolic accumulation of the kidneys increases the risk of kidney issues. Therefore, people who already suffer from kidney problems should limit the red meat intake in order not to provoke additional problems.
Excessive alcohol consumption
The excessive alcohol consumption can lead to kidney damage, due to the fact that alcohol is a toxin that imposes a lot of stress over the liver and kidneys. Excessive alcohol consumption will keep the uric acid in your renal tubules, causing tubular obstruction that increases the risk of kidney failure. Moreover, alcohol consumption can provoke dehydration and can prevent the normal kidney function. The normal amounts for consumption of alcohol are: 2 drinks for men and 1 drink for women and older people.
According to the Centre for Control and Prevention of Diseases, smoking is bad for every body organ. On the basis of the statistics in the American Association of Kidney Patients (AAKP), smoking is major cause for ESRD (end stage renal disease). Smoking increases the heart rate and blood pressure, and at the same time it decreases the blood flow and narrows the blood vessels in the kidneys. Therefore, quit smoking, since this bad habit is extremely harmful for your health.
Consuming too much caffeine
The high caffeine-intake increases the blood pressure and impair the kidney function. In a study conducted in 2002, the caffeine consumption is linked to kidney stones. The caffeine is able to raise the calcium excretion in the urine. People who consume caffeine in moderate ways will not have any kind of problems. The recommended dosage for caffeine intake is 3 cups of tea and 2 cups of coffee per day. Don’t forget cocoa, energy drinks, chocolate, and soft drinks which are other source of caffeine and limit their intake.
Ignoring common infections
The ignoring of coughs, colds, flu, tonsillitis, and pharyngitis can lead to severe kidney damage. If you don’t treat these infections on time, the viruses or bacteria might provoke serous kidney damage. Therefore, whenever you feel like you have an infection, take antibiotics in order to treat it on time.
Lack of sleep
Numerous people ignore the importance of the sleep since they have busy lifestyle. A 6-8 hour sleep is enough for the general health of a person. During your sleep, the tissues of organs renew, meaning that if you don’t sleep properly and enough, you are going to interrupt the process and as a result, you can damage the kidneys or other organs. Improper sleep might cause atherosclerosis and high blood pressure and increase the risk of any kidney damage. Therefore, establish a balance between work and rest and have healthy sleeping habits.