How to Tell the Difference Between Stroke, Cardiac Arrest and Heart Attack

Knowing the primary difference between the heart attack, cardiac arrest, and stroke is of utmost importance in order to protect ourselves and those around us. They are serious health issues and can occur to anyone.

There are numerous risk factors for their occurrence, so it’s extremely important to be aware of them and if it’s possible, to reverse or prevent them.

Cardiac Arrest: An Issue Affecting the Electrical System of the Heart

Cardiac arrest happens when the heart muscles stop beating suddenly as a result of an improper organ functioning. The cause of it is the heart’s electrical system which has been out of control. It might later lead to arrhythmia (irregular heartbeat) or even total cessation of heart pumping. A person who experiences cardiac arrest and is not receiving an emergency treatment and help will die in a couple of minutes. because of the fact that the heart is unable to pump blood, there is lack of oxygen supply to different parts of the body, mostly to the brain, leading to cellular death.

Signs of cardiac arrest are unresponsiveness, gasping, and an absence of breath. In the U.S.A., on an annual basis, there are approximately 360,000 cases of cardiac arrests. Coronary heart disease, family history, age, smoking, gender, history of arrhythmia, excessive alcohol consumption, and drugs are among the numerous risk factors for occurrence of cardiac arrest.

Heart Attack: An Issue Concerning the Supply of Blood to the Heart

Heart attack occurs when 1 or more heart regions are not receiving oxygen as a result of a restriction in the blood flow. The most common cause for a heart attack is the blockage of an artery that supplies blood to the heart, that pumps blood throughout the whole body. In addition, the main cause for occurrence of a blockage is a blood clot which managed to enter the blood vessel that supply blood to the heart, or cholesterol accumulation in the inner arterial wall. If person who suffers a heart attack is not getting an immediate help or treatment, they might suffer even greater damage.

Signs of heart attack are cold sweats, shortness of breath, nausea, pressure, anxiety, squeezing sensation in the chest, and pain to the arms, upper back, shoulders, and jaw. During heart attack, the heart doesn’t cease to beat. The commonest risk factors for its occurrence are high blood pressure, diabetes, age, family history, gender, stress, poor diet, poor diet, and a sedentary lifestyle.

Stroke: An Issue connected with the Interruption (or Reduction) of Blood Supply to the Brain

Stroke occurs when the brain is not receiving the needed amount of oxygen. It occurs as a result of extreme reduction or the complete cessation of the blood flow to this vital organ. The main cause for stroke is a blood clot which succeeded in entering one of the blood vessels that were found in the brain. If the person who suffer a stroke is immediately treated, the life of the person can be saved and prevented additional damages like paralyses.

Dizziness, confusion, speaking troubles, numbness or weakness in the face, loss of coordination, and sudden headache are the commonest symptoms of a stroke. Among the commonest risk factors for stroke are gender, age, race, diabetes, family history, obesity, high blood pressure, blood disorders, prior stroke, smoking, and alcoholism.


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